Newly launched Namami Gange incorporates significant new and innovative implementation elements to clean & protect Ganga :
1) People-centred : Unlike previous schemes, it has brought the people living on river's banks, ULBs & PRIs under the main implementing machinery.
2) Projects Approvals : Now all the ministries such as Environment, Shipping, Urban development, Tourism etc have been working with the nodal ministry i.e. Water Resource ministry.
3) Shift in tackling Pollution : Treatment of waste, industrial effluents,drains to be tackled through Bio-remediation, in-situ treatments, innovative technologies, sewage and effluent treatment plants. In addition, more professional approach by including PPP and SPV (special pupose vehicle) has been taken.
However, the approach still fails to understand the actual problem on several counts :
1)Fragility of the region : Programme has completely failed to address the fragility of the region thereby reflecting a norrow approach to tackle problem.
2)Flow of the river : Programme has not showed seriousness towards resolving the reduction of Flow of Ganga river as there is still trade-off between irreversible damaging development projects and cleaning Ganga.
3) Industrial Norms : Programme has not taken hard on polluting industries by imposing strict effluent norms.
4) Mindset : still remains the same - Ganga is a holy river and it has self cleansing property.
In my view following more needs to be done :
1) Permitting only environment benign projects so that they would have replacable rather irreversible damage.
2) Polluting industries should be encouraged to use treated municipal waste water.
3) In the upper fragile region, no construction or developmental activity should be permitted.
So, we need to look the problem in a holistic way to sucessfully resolve it rather in a peicemeal manner.


One key difference is use of technology like SMS based pollution level monitoring, coordination with ISRO Bhuvan. Amd here the focus is also on treating the tributaries of Ganga and not Ganga alone.
But we need to have dams to provide power and so we must shift to a holistic framework with blend of hydro and other sources like nuclear, solar, etc.
20k crore budgetary outlay for 5 years.
But no special focus on biodiveristy and fragile ecology while we comfortably wish for nirmal and aviral dharaa.
Plans of govenrment to make villages along thr bank as open defecation free by 2022 and tp raise 4 bataalions of eco task force.
Upper reaches of the river, due tk being religiously sacrosanct, attracts a lot of tourism and developmental activities, which must be limited.
Intrrnational best practices like Thames, Rhine, etc must be studied as well.
And whete is the crirical analysis? Plesse dont be so diplomatic in your answer.
1. Differences over ministries regarding hydro powrr projects.
2. No clear directiin or roadmap for the project snd SC had chided the government over the same.
3. Large sums spent but no attitudinal changes in people.
4. We give incentives for treatment of wastes, sewage but not invoke strict polluter pays principle.
5. Poor administrative and logistics support during events like Kumbh Mela