Thursday, July 7, 2016

List of Reports published by International Organizations

Sr.Name of ReportOrganization
1.World Investment ReportUNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
2.Human Development IndexUNDP (United Nations Development Programme)
3.Gender Inequality IndexUNDP (United Nations Development Programme)
4.Millennium Development GoalsUNO (United Nations Organization)
5.Global Financial System ReportBIS (Bank for International Settlements)
6.Global Innovation Index PublishedINSEAD
7.World Development ReportIBRD (World Bank)
8.Ease of Doing BusinessIBRD (World Bank)
9.Global Talent Competitiveness IndexINSEAD
10.Intellectual Property RightsWTO (World Trade Organization)
11.The Energy Report & Living Planet Report byWWF (World Wildlife Fund)
12.Carbon Emission Index was Published byUNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)
13.Global Terrorism IndexIEP (Individualized Education Programme)
14.Global Peace IndexIEP (Individualized Education Programme)
15.Global Money Laundering ReportFATF (Financial Action Task Force)
16.World Economic OutlookIMF (International Monetary Fund)
17.Global Competitive IndexWEF (World Economic Forum)
18.Travel & Tourism IndexWEF (World Economic Forum)
19.Environmental Performance IndexWEF (World Economic Forum)
20.Global Information IndexWEF (World Economic Forum)
21.Levels and Trends in Child Mortality ReportUN Inter-agency Group
22.India State of Forest ReportForest Survey of India
23.Interest Subvention Report 2015-16Reserve Bank of India
24.Change the World List DataFortune

Revenue Types- Total Average And Marginal Revenue

Right to Education Act and Minority Rights

Right to Education Act (RTE) on 2009 for free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.
Provisions which are Universally Applicable
1. Article 29(2): a government-aided minority school cannot discriminate against students on grounds of religion, race, caste, language in the matters of their admission
2. Provisions and norms: RTE Act has universal provisions on infrastructural norms, pupil-teacher ratio, prohibition on screening tests and capitation fee and ban on corporal punishment without discrimination
3. Article 21A: in the Indian constitution making Education a fundamental Right
Conflicting Provisions:
1. Cultural Trust v. Union of India (2014) & Pramati judgment: SC had exempted minority schools from the purview of the RTE Act 
2. No-detention policy (NDP): obligation not in the Act but under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and in the “best interest” of the child and could independently be considered a fundamental right
3. Rights of minorities: RTE conflict Article 30 with the specific contexts of the rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. But it is not absolute and not misadministration. So RTE can be enforced for its benefit.
Recent conflicting judgments- Sobha George and Pramati needs a ‘constitutionally-permissible balance’ between right to education and minority rights requires an interpretation that makes them mutually reinforcing rather than irreconcilable.